Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Substance Abuse Facts

If you were to investigate substance abuse facts from the government's department of defense, you would find the startling figures. Drug abuse has consumed the lives of so many of our youths and adults. Millions of people neglect their health to all kinds of drugs and alcohol. They also indulge in prescription pill abuse. The individuals who abuse prescription drugs also need treatment because they are tolerant and dependent of drugs and will go to any measures to get it.

There are about seven million people in the United States who abuse prescription pills according to the government. This figure comes to be more than the combination of people that abuse other hard core drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and ecstasy. The number of people who abused drugs heightened since the year 2000 when it was three million. Over a period of six years, it rose to seven million and that is a high figure to swallow.

People who abuse prescribed pills do so for various reasons, but in most cases, it is because they want to hide their mental and physical pain.

There are many resulted deaths from people who over dose on prescription pills, alcohol, cocaine and heroin.

It also affects teenagers and that is scary. Substance abuse facts report that an estimated one in every ten teenagers who go to high school abuse prescribed pills especially during their last year of school. The outrageous truth is that an estimated forty percent of these teenagers don't realize how destructive this behavior is to their health, well being and education. Parents also put up with it. They would rather their children take prescribed pills rather than other heavy drugs. However, what they don't know is that it has the same effect on the body and the mind.

The most widespread of all prescribed pills that is abused is hydrocodone. This counts for an estimated three quarter of the prescribed drug abuse problem that is hitting the United States. About an estimated twenty five percent emergency hospital cases are connected to drug over dose.

According to many substance abuse facts, there are so many tell tale signs that people begin abusing prescribed drugs for so many different reasons, but no one knows for sure. Some begin the abuse process when their doctor's have prescribed certain medication that they rely on so much that it becomes an addiction to get rid of pain and treat injuries.

They become reliant on the drugs and it turns out to be a part of their daily lives. Doctors should be responsible for giving prescribed medication to patients on an ongoing basis without finding out if it is really necessary or not.

Some people consume anti-depressants to treat their anxiety problems and become addicted to it. Drug rehab treatment is helpful in getting those individuals to stop the abuse process. They are taught how to handle their anxieties and depression in other ways that are safe and meaningful.

In some cases, an individual may be abusing prescribed medication that has side effects and this result in more prescribed medication to counteract the side effects. Thus it becomes a revolving process and no end in sight.

Monday, August 16, 2010

Long Term Drug Rehab

We can see every other person in our society using drugs to escape emotional and physical discomfort. Some can be heard advocating their alcoholism as to numb feelings of depression.May be some started smoking to deal with the problems at school, home or offices. While others may be started using cocaine to raise their energy and confidence level, taking sleeping pills to deal with the panic attacks or having prescription pain killers to relieve a physical pain.

Whether they are addicted to the alcohol, cocaine or anything else, the effect of the drug on the brain is the same. When the addiction sets in, there is a carving to use the drug that is so powerful that obtaining and taking the drug to get ‘high’ becomes more important than anything else in the life.

Drug rehab is a process that is specially designed to provide treatment in a safe and drug free environment where a former drug addicted is educated about drug addiction, taught how to get out of this whole mess and how to be stay clean further.

Though, different drug rehabilitation programs have the common motivating factor driving them recovery from drug addiction, they can be dissimilar in their techniques and methods that depends on the condition of the patient. The duration may also differ accordingly. Some drug rehab centers prefer long term drug rehab programs with duration of at least 90 days or longer. There is no magic number as to how long the program should be when it comes to the length of the program, however, a program where an individual is able to move at their own pace is considered ideal when it comes to the drug treatment.

However, long term drug rehabilitation is ideal for the severely addicted persons in particular.They can produce the significant long term recovery in a rehabilitation process. Long term drug rehab is focused specially on the socialization of the addicted and addresses biophysical and psychological aspects of addiction. These long term programs can bring the overall changes for recovery.

These types of facilities use programs entire community such as other residents, staff and society as important and active components of the treatment. They focus on developing personal accountability, responsibility and socially productive lives as well as addiction education curriculum. They are highly structured with activities designed to help residents examine damaging beliefs, self concepts and patterns of addictive behavior and to adopt new more harmonious and constructive ways to live.

With short rehab programs, a drug addicted does not experience the significant amount of time off drugs, while in a long term process; the patient can feel what the sobriety is. This long process can offer them enough time to withdrawal, drug detox and they attend more group sessions before they are back in the society. This way they can be equipped to deal with the social pressure and thus become less prone to the return of the drug abusing behaviors.

Monday, August 9, 2010

Mdma Drug Treatment Seattle

Drug Treatment Seattle
What is drug addiction?

Thursday, 03 February 2011 19:35
Many people do not understand why individuals become addicted to drugs or how drugs change the brain to foster compulsive drug abuse. They mistakenly view drug abuse and addiction as strictly a social problem and may characterize those who take drugs as morally weak. One very common belief is that drug abusers should be able to just stop taking drugs if they are only willing to change their behavior. What people often underestimate is the complexity of drug addictionthat it is a disease that impacts the brain and because of that, stopping drug abuse is not simply a matter of willpower. Through scientific advances we now know much more about how exactly drugs work in the brain, and we also know that drug addiction can be successfully treated to help people stop abusing drugs and resume their productive lives.

Drug abuse and addiction are a major burden to society. Estimates of the total overall costs of substance abuse in the United Statesincluding health- and crime-related costs as well as losses in productivityexceed half a trillion dollars annually. This includes approximately 1 billion for illicit drugs,1 8 billion for tobacco,2 and 5 billion for alcohol.3 Staggering as these numbers are, however, they do not fully describe the breadth of deleterious public healthand safetyimplications, which include family disintegration, loss of employment, failure in school, domestic violence, child abuse, and other crimes.

MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA produces feelings of increased energy, euphoria, emotional warmth, and distortions in time, perception, and tactile experiences.

How Is MDMA Abused?

MDMA is taken orally, usually as a capsule or tablet. It was initially popular among Caucasian adolescents and young adults in the nightclub scene or at weekend-long dance parties known as raves. More recently, the profile of the typical MDMA user has changed, with the drug now affecting a broader range of ethnic groups. MDMA is also popular among urban gay malessome report using MDMA as part of a multiple-drug experience that includes marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, ketamine, sildenafil , and other legal and illegal substances.
How Does MDMA Affect the Brain?

MDMA exerts its primary effects in the brain on neurons that use the chemical (or neurotransmitter) serotonin to communicate with other neurons. The serotonin system plays an important role in regulating mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain. MDMA binds to the serotonin transporter, which is responsible for removing serotonin from the synapse (or space between adjacent neurons) to terminate the signal between neurons; thus MDMA increases and prolongs the serotonin signal. MDMA also enters the serotonergic neurons via the transporter (because MDMA resembles serotonin in chemical structure) where it causes excessive release of serotonin from the neurons. MDMA has similar effects on another neurotransmitternorepinephrine, which can cause increases in heart rate and blood pressure. MDMA also releases dopamine, but to a much lesser extent.
MDMA can produce confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving, and severe anxiety. These problems can occur soon after taking the drug or, sometimes, even days or weeks after taking MDMA. In addition, chronic users of MDMA perform more poorly than nonusers on certain types of cognitive or memory tasks, although some of these effects may be due to the use of other drugs in combination with MDMA. Research in animals indicates that MDMA can be harmful to the brainone study in nonhuman primates showed that exposure to MDMA for only 4 days caused damage to serotonin nerve terminals that was still evident 6 to 7 years later.1 Although similar neurotoxicity has not been shown definitively in humans, the wealth of animal research indicating MDMAs damaging properties strongly suggests that MDMA is not a safe drug for human consumption.

Addictive Potential

For some people, MDMA can be addictive ,survey of young adult and adolescent MDMA users found that 43 percent of those who reported ecstasy use met the accepted diagnostic criteria for dependence, as evidenced by continued use despite knowledge of physical or psychological harm, withdrawal effects, and tolerance (or diminished response).3 These results are consistent with those from similar studies in other countries that suggest a high rate of MDMA dependence among users.4 MDMA abstinence-associated withdrawal symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, depressed feelings, and trouble concentrating.2

What Other Adverse Effects Does MDMA Have on Health?

MDMA can also be dangerous to overall health and, on rare occasions, lethal.

MDMA can have many of the same physical effects as other stimulants, such as cocaine and amphetamines. These include increases in heart rate and blood pressurewhich present risks of particular concern for people with circulatory problems or heart diseaseand other symptoms such as muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness, and chills or sweating.
In high doses, MDMA can interfere with the bodys ability to regulate temperature. On rare but unpredictable occasions, this can lead to a sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), which can result in liver, kidney, cardiovascular system failure, or death. MDMA can interfere with its own metabolism (breakdown within the body); therefore, potentially harmful levels can be reached by repeated MDMA administration within short periods of time. Other drugs that are chemically similar to MDMA, such as MDA (methylenedioxyamphetamine, the parent drug of MDMA) and PMA (paramethoxyamphetamine, associated with fatalities in the United States and Australia),5 are sometimes sold as ecstasy. These drugs can be neurotoxic or create additional health risks to the user. Furthermore, ecstasy tablets may contain other substances, such as ephedrine (a stimulant); dextromethorphan (DXM, a cough suppressant); ketamine (an anesthetic used mostly by veterinarians); caffeine; cocaine; and methamphetamine. Although the combination of MDMA with one or more of these drugs may be inherently dangerous, users who also combine these with additional substances such as marijuana and alcohol may be putting themselves at even higher risk for adverse health effects.

What Treatment Options Exist?

There are no specific treatments for MDMA abuse and addiction. The most effective treatments for drug abuse and addiction in general are cognitive-behavioral interventions that are designed to help modify the patients thinking, expectancies, and behaviors related to their drug use and to increase skills in coping with life stressors. Drug abuse recovery support groups may also be effective in combination with behavioral interventions to support long-term, drug-free recovery. There are currently no pharmacological treatments for addiction to MDMA.

Monitoring the Future Survey*

After sharp declines in ecstasy use since its peak in 2000/2001, current and past-year use of MDMA has risen
** Lifetime refers to use at least once during a respondents lifetime. Past year refers to use at least once during the year preceding an individuals response to the survey. Past month refers to use at least once during the 30 days preceding an individuals response to the survey.

*** NSDUH (formerly known as the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse) is an annual survey of Americans aged 12 and older conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Department of Health and Human Services. This survey is available on line and can be ordered by phone from NIDA at 8776432644.

1 Ricaurte GA and McCann UD. Experimental studies on 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) and its potential to damage brain serotonin neurons. Neurotox Res 3(1):8599, 2001.

2 Stone AL, Storr CL, and Anthony JC. Evidence for a hallucinogen dependence syndrome developing soon after onset of hallucinogen use during adolescence. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 15:116130, 2006.

3 Cottler LB, Womack SB, Compton WM, Ben-Abdallah A. Ecstasy abuse and dependence among adolescents and young adults: Applicability and reliability of DSM-IV criteria. Human Psychopharmacol 16:599606, 2001.

4 Leung KS, Cottler LB. Ecstasy and other club drugs: A review of recent epidemiological studies. Curr Opin Psychiatry 21:234241, 2008.

More Reading on this Subject Drug Treatment Seattle

5 Kraner JC, McCoy DJ, Evans MA, Evans LE, Sweeney BJ. Fatalities caused by the MDMA-related drug paramethoxyamphetamine (PMA). J Anal Toxicol 25(7):645648, 2001.

Revised 12/10
What is drug addiction?

Addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences to the individual who is addicted and to those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain. Although it is true that for most people the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary, over time the changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can affect a persons self control and ability to make sound decisions, and at the same time send intense impulses to take drugs.

It is because of these changes in the brain that it is so challenging for a person who is addicted to stop abusing drugs. Fortunately, there are treatments that help people to counteract addictions powerful disruptive effects and regain control. Research shows that combining addiction treatment medications, if available, with behavioral therapy is the best way to ensure success for most patients. Treatment approaches that are tailored to each patients drug abuse patterns and any co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and social problems can lead to sustained recovery and a life without drug abuse.

Similar to other chronic, relapsing diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, drug addiction can be managed successfully. And, as with other chronic diseases, it is not uncommon for a person to relapse and begin abusing drugs again. Relapse, however, does not signal failurerather, it indicates that treatment should be reinstated, adjusted, or that alternate treatment is needed to help the individual regain control and recover.

What happens to your brain when you take drugs?

Drugs are chemicals that tap into the brains communication system and disrupt the way nerve cells normally send, receive, and process information. There are at least two ways that drugs are able to do this: (1) by imitating the brains natural chemical messengers, and/or (2) by overstimulating the reward circuit of the brain.

Some drugs, such as marijuana and heroin, have a similar structure to chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters, which are naturally produced by the brain. Because of this similarity, these drugs are able to fool the brains receptors and activate nerve cells to send abnormal messages.

Other drugs, such as cocaine or methamphetamine, can cause the nerve cells to release abnormally large amounts of natural neurotransmitters, or prevent the normal recycling of these brain chemicals, which is needed to shut off the signal between neurons. This disruption produces a greatly amplified message that ultimately disrupts normal communication patterns.

Nearly all drugs, directly or indirectly, target the brains reward system by flooding the circuit with dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that control movement, emotion, motivation, and feelings of pleasure. The overstimulation of this system, which normally responds to natural behaviors that are linked to survival (eating, spending time with loved ones, etc.), produces euphoric effects in response to the drugs. This reaction sets in motion a pattern that teaches people to repeat the behavior of abusing drugs.

As a person continues to abuse drugs, the brain adapts to the overwhelming surges in dopamine by producing less dopamine or by reducing the number of dopamine receptors in the reward circuit. As a result, dopamines impact on the reward circuit is lessened, reducing the abusers ability to enjoy the drugs and the things that previously brought pleasure. This decrease compels those addicted to drugs to keep abusing drugs in order to attempt to bring their dopamine function back to normal. And, they may now require larger amounts of the drug than they first did to achieve the dopamine highan effect known astolerance.

Long-term abuse causes changes in other brain chemical systems and circuits as well. Glutamate is a neurotransmitter that influences the reward circuit and the ability to learn. When the optimal concentration of glutamate is altered by drug abuse, the brain attempts to compensate, which can impair cognitive function. Drugs of abuse facilitate nonconscious (conditioned) learning, which leads the user to experience uncontrollable cravings when they see a place or person they associate with the drug experience, even when the drug itself is not available. Brain imaging studies of drug-addicted individuals show changes in areas of the brain that are critical to judgment, decisionmaking, learning and memory, and behavior control. Together, these changes can drive an abuser to seek out and take drugs compulsively despite adverse consequencesin other words, to become addicted to drugs.

Why do some people become addicted, while others do not?

No single factor can predict whether or not a person will become addicted to drugs. Risk for addiction is influenced by a persons biology, social environment, and age or stage of development. The more risk factors an individual has, the greater the chance that taking drugs can lead to addiction. For example:

Biology. The genes that people are born within combination with environmental influencesaccount for about half of their addiction vulnerability. Additionally, gender, ethnicity, and the presence of other mental disorders may influence risk for drug abuse and addiction.

Environment. A persons environment includes many different influencesfrom family and friends to socioeconomic status and quality of life in general. Factors such as peer pressure, physical and sexual abuse, stress, and parental involvement can greatly influence the course of drug abuse and addiction in a persons life.

Development. Genetic and environmental factors interact with critical developmental stages in a persons life to affect addiction vulnerability, and adolescents experience a double challenge. Although taking drugs at any age can lead to addiction, the earlier that drug use begins, the more likely it is to progress to more serious abuse. And because adolescents brains are still developing in the areas that govern decisionmaking, judgment, and self-control, they are especially prone to risk-taking behaviors, including trying drugs of abuse.

Monday, August 2, 2010

Health problems caused due to substance abuse

There are various drugs which are abused by the addicts. The types of in-taking the drug also varies from each other. Some of the drugs are supposed to be taken nasally, some intravenously, some through smoking etc. Marijuana rehab is a drug that is taken through smoking. Let's see brief history of this drug. This drug is derived from a plant named cannabis. The word marijuana comes from Spanish Mexican word Mar iguana. As per a report by the United Nations this is the most widely used illicit drugs in the world. The cannabis plant's derivatives are used as the psychoactive drug. This drug has been in use since 3 millennium BC, its traces are also found in the Hindu religion. This drug was used in some of the medicines written in Vedas.

This drug is the most ancient in its origin and has its scope spread across the globe. Many countries were aware of its properties as a drug as well as an addictive substance. Many of the old books have a reference of the cannabis plant.

This drug has special properties. Marijuana releases serotonin which is a chemical in the brain that triggers a feeling of pleasure. The most common method for using this drug is to place the dried leaves, stems, and flowers of this plant onto rolling paper and make it into a cigarette, to be smoked. It can also be smoked in a water pipe or other metal or glass pipe. This drug can also be put in food products or be mixed with coffee or tea.When someone smokes Marijuana regularly the brain gets used to higher amounts of serotonin production than normal , so when these addicts try to quit smoking this drug, then the production drops , followed by which they experience a mild mental withdrawal from the dependence on the previously increased levels of serotonin and the pleasure it brought along with. When one gets used to the high, it becomes very difficult to refrain oneself from smoking it. The addicts try to find new ways to justify their addiction.

This addiction cannot be cured without professional help. Getting admitted into a Marijuana rehab is one wise step taken towards a sober life. This addiction is commonly found because this drug is easily available like alcohol. Marijuana addiction is commonly found in any age.